|BOOKS ON OLD MEDICAL TREATMENTS AND REMEDIES
HOME PHYSICIAN AND ENCYCLOPEDIA OF MEDICINE The biggy of the late 1800's. Clearly shows the massive inroads in medical science and the treatment of disease.
ALCOHOL AND THE HUMAN BODY In fact alcohol was known to be a poison, and considered quite dangerous. Something modern medicine now agrees with. This was known circa 1907. A very impressive scientific book on the subject.
DISEASES OF THE SKIN is a massive book on skin diseases from 1914. Don't be feint hearted though, it's loaded with photos that I found disturbing.
Part of SAVORY'S COMPENDIUM OF DOMESTIC MEDICINE:
19th CENTURY HEALTH MEDICINES AND DRUGS
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Synonyms.—Mal del pinto; Mal de los pintos; Tina (Mexico); Caraate; Cute
(Venezuela and Granada); Quirica (Panama); Spotted sickness; Fr., Caraté.
Definition.—A contagious affection of certain tropical countries,
due to several fungi, characterized by variously sized and shaped scaly
discolorations, occurring mostly on exposed parts.
This peculiar malady, of which the earliest accounts were given by
Zéa, Alibert, Rayer, Gomez, and more recent ones by Hirsch, Iryz,
Lier, Montoya, and Barbe, is seen chiefly in the tropical portions of
South America. It was also prevalent among the Aztec Indians in the
lowlands of Southern Mexico, where it had existed for centuries (Corlett).
Symptoms.—The spots appear first most frequently upon the
face or neck. They also develop on other exposed regions, as the fore
arms, hands, lower part of the legs and feet, and upper part of the chest.
The palms and soles are not invaded. They quite frequently develop
• upon some other previously existing eruption. Their appearance is some
times preceded by slight itchiness. Their color varies in different cases
from a white to a bluish gray and various shades to a black; in some in
stances it is of a red hue. The spots may be said (Barbe) ordinarily to
pass through two stages: an active or developmental period or that of
coloration, and a second stage, that of retrogression or pseudovitiliginous,
of which the traces are indelible. In whites the first evidences consist of a
faint erythema, soon becoming coated over with furfuraceous scaliness;
in the colored races the spots are of a yellowish, reddish, or grayish color.
The spots become larger by peripheral extension, and new points arise
near by which in turn extend, so that finally considerable surface may be
invaded. The central portion of the patches gradually begins to change
color to a bluish, violaceous, or reddish, from two to five years elapsing
before they attain their final definite color. The scaliness often becomes
more marked, changing from a furfuraceous to that of lamellar character.
A variable degree of hyperkeratinization frequently develops. The
itching commonly increases in degree as the disease progresses. In
extreme instances most parts are invaded, the tongue, buccal, preputial,
and vulvar mucous membranes not escaping. Fissures and ulcerations
sometimes occur in the flexures. The hairs may loosen and fall out, in
consequence, according to. Montoya, of the development of a form of
folliculitis. The general health does not seem to suffer. Some writers
describe the occurrence of precursory symptoms of the gastrointestinal
The malady is persistent, and in some instances leaves behind promi
nent atrophic whitish spots. It is seen in both sexes, and in both whites
and blacks, although the dark races are its more common subjects. It
1 Chief recent literature: Hirsh’s Geograph. and Histor. Pathol., New Sydenham
Soc’y Translation, 1885, vol. ii, p. 379 (with bibliography); Iryz, Independentia méd.,
Mexico, 1881-82, vol. ii, p. 254; review in London Med. Record, 1882, vol. x, p. 175,
and Brit. Med. Jour., 1882, vol. ii, p. 903; Lier, Monatshefte, 1892, vol. xiv, p. 447;
Montoya Y. Florez, “Recherches sur les caratés de Colombie,” These de Paris, 1898;
Barbe, Annales, 1898, p. 985 (with colored plate); also an excellent account by this
same writer in La pratique Dermatologie, 1900, vol. i; Woolley, Jour. Cutan. Dis., 1904,
p. 479; Sandwith, Brit. Med. Jour., 1905, ii, pp. 479 and 1270 (with bibliography).
is due, as Montoya’s studies indicate, to several kinds of fungi, of the
class aspergillus, each having a distinguishing color. This writer states
that he has found similar organisms in certain cereals and plants, in
stagnant mine waters, and that the malady is contracted from such
sources directly or through the intermedial agency of insects, especially
mosquitos. They consist of mycelium and spores, differing somewhat, in
minor characters, in the several varieties. The epidermis, especially the
corneous layers, is the seat of the parasitic invasion, often involving the
rete and causing atrophy of the latter, and finally complete disappear
ance of the pigment-cells. Iryz states that in some cases the corium is
also involved. Recently Blanchard and Bodin have found a trichophyton.
The treatment is essentially the same as that employed in the
other vegetable parasitic diseases, more especially of ringworm. Tinc
ture of iodin applications seem most in favor for recent patches, and
chrysarobin for those of some duration or great obstinacy.
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